TOKYO — Economic growth has resulted in a significant rise in living standards in much of Asia. But the newfound prosperity and associated lifestyle changes have brought with them an unwanted side effect.
A study released by the Asian Development Bank Institute shows that an estimated 1 billion people in Asia and the Pacific are overweight or obese. The problem has reached “epidemic levels,” according to the report, and results in the region spending approximately $166 billion annually.
The report claims 40.9% of adults in the region were overweight in 2013, compared with 34.6% in 1990. China saw an increase from 13.2% to 27.9%, while the rate in Bangladesh also more than doubled from 8.0% to 16.9%.
The highest levels were seen in the Pacific islands, where the figure stands at 60.6%.
Many people in countries like Tonga and Samoa are turning to cheap, unhealthy food such as processed meats and soft drinks, according to a CNN report.
Central Asia has one of the highest rates of overweight and obese adults in the region, at 49.25%. In contrast, East, South and Southeast Asia had relatively low rates of 33.06%, 28.85% and 26.3%, respectively.
More worryingly, childhood obesity in Asia and the Pacific has started to take on “unseen dimensions.” In 2014, 23% of children in China were overweight or obese, and the figure stood at 22.5% in Malaysia.
The financial implications for health care and the economy as a whole are huge. The sum of direct costs like medical care and indirect costs, such as absence from work, have the potential to severely undermine the economic and human development of the region, the report says.
The study estimates that the total associated annual costs are about 0.78% of the gross domestic product of the region, or $166 billion.