Kabul: The people of war-torn Afghanistan continue to bear the brunt of the grinding conflict with civilian deaths at their worst since records began, the United Nations said.
Deaths in the capital Kabul accounted for nearly 20% of the toll, according to the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (Unama) report, which covers the first half of the year.
The majority of the victims were killed by anti-government forces – including the resurgent Taliban and in attacks claimed by the Islamic State, the report said, underscoring spiralling insecurity in the country nearly 16 years after the US invasion.
The UN has documented civilian casualties in the war-torn country since 2009.
The first six months of the year have seen a significant rise in the number of civilian lives lost in highly coordinated attacks involving more than one perpetrator, with 259 killed and 892 injured – a 15% increase on the same period last year.
Many of those deaths happened in a single attack in Kabul in late May when a truck bomb exploded during the morning rush hour, killing more than 150 people and injuring hundreds.
Unama put the civilian death toll at 92, saying it was the deadliest incident to hit the country since 2001.
The UN’s special envoy to Afghanistan Tadamichi Yamamoto said the human cost of the conflict remains “far too high”.
“The continued use of indiscriminate, disproportionate and illegal improvised explosive devices is particularly appalling and must immediately stop,” he added.
The toll of the first six months of 2017 has unsettled the government of President Ashraf Ghani, who has come under increasing pressure since the May attack in Kabul.
Protests and deadly street clashes hit the Afghan capital in the wake of the attack as people incensed by security failures called for his government’s resignation.
Women and children have borne the brunt of the increase in civilian casualties, with Unama blaming the use of IEDs and aerial operations in populated areas for the jump.
“The statistics in this report, horrifying though they are, can never fully convey the sheer human suffering of the people of Afghanistan,” said UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein.
“Many Afghan civilians are suffering psychological trauma, having lost family and friends, and are living in fear knowing the risks they face as they go about their daily lives.”